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Why This Stuff Costs $2700 Trillion Per Gram - Antimatter at CERN

Physics Girl
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There’s a factory in Europe that makes antimatter! It’s the rarest, most expensive, and potentially the most dangerous material on earth. Scientists don’t know why this material is so rare. Anti-atoms took 72 years after we discovered antimatter to make. Why?
Thanks to CERN, Elise Wursten, Loïc Bommersbach and Sarah Charley
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Creator/Host: Dianna Cowern
Editor: Levi Butner
Research & Writing: Sophia Chen & Dianna & Imogen Ashford
Sources:
Current estimate of Antimatter, courtesy of Elise:
Stefan Ulmer made a back-of-the-envelope calculation based on energy and power consumption. The explanation goes as follows:
1. CERN produces 3e7 antiprotons per AD cycle or about 1e15 per year
2. This is about 1e15*1.67e-27kg = 1.67 nanogram per year
3. 1 gram of antiprotons has an energy (E=mc^2) of 9e13 Joule
4. The efficiency of the antiproton production process is 1e-9, so you need a billion times more energy: 9e22 Joule
5. The cost of power for CERN is 1kWh = 3.6e6 Joule = 0.1 euro
6. So that would make 0.1/3.6e6*9e22 = 2.5e15 euro
7. And it would take CERN 6e8 years
ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19990110316.pdf (1999)
nuclearsecrecy.com/nukemap/ - you can see the nuke city
Mass of Fish: "Contribution of Fish to the Marine Inorganic Carbon Cycle" rsmas.miami.edu/groups/grosell/PDFs/2009%20Wilson%20et%20al.pdf
web.archive.org/web/20120105085146/public.web.cern.ch/public/en/spotlight/SpotlightAandD-en.html
Dirac’s attitude about the positive solution to his equation www.newscientist.com/article/dn17111-how-dirac-predicted-antimatter/
Dave’s Essay: multimidia.ufrgs.br/conteudo/frontdaciencia/dirac%20antimatter%20paper.pdf
Questions at CERN
public-archive.web.cern.ch/en/LHC/WhyLHC-en.html
Creating Antihidrogen:
home.cern/science/physics/antimatter/storing-antihydrogen
public-archive.web.cern.ch/en/LHC/WhyLHC-en.html

Science & Technology

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Nov 14, 2019

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Comments 80
Em-Em Pilongo
Em-Em Pilongo 5 hours ago
How do you price this anti-matter? 🤔
neeraj kumar
neeraj kumar 16 hours ago
What is the value of the human life??
Mo Fengze
Mo Fengze 19 hours ago
in short : they are making and studying nothin
Riza Sandhi
Riza Sandhi 21 hour ago
But if antimatter and matter disappear when they come into contact then wouldn't it be impossible to store antimatter inside something that is made out of matter ?!
fluidjazz
fluidjazz 21 hour ago
Sounds like an accident waiting to happen!
J F
J F Day ago
What's the matter with antimatter? ;-)
Monor Kotha
Monor Kotha Day ago
🤔
Daman Mann
Daman Mann Day ago
Just watched your face while u said something about bombing moon
Sulpherous.
Sulpherous. Day ago
What if we are the antimatter and it’s the matter? Mindfreak!
Mac J
Mac J Day ago
Mmmm this maybe a ROM thing rather than a RAM thing. Anti matter may appear based on conditions as a necessity, not something you "should extract". You could manipulate RAM data of a program, you cant touch the ROM data. Are science community certain everything is RAM data? All the super villains portrays this aspect of science very well, we must see, prove, and manipulate. How about just leave them be.
azhar shaikh
azhar shaikh Day ago
Isn’t this breaking the laws of physics; matter cannot be created or destroyed.
azhar shaikh
azhar shaikh Day ago
Eskooom
Rudolf Janse van Vuuren
Stopped watching when she mentioned the word "math". Can't believe there is still people out there subscribing to a non-entity "sub-prehumanist" made up theory that's been lying to us for the last couple 100 years!
Karthikeyan Sundararajan
Answer to why anti matter is required is it will become smart weapon
Agaba Amon
Agaba Amon 2 days ago
Wow you make physics sound so cool....
Julius Torio
Julius Torio 3 days ago
Okabe rintarou: “write that down, write down”
Biblical Creationism
No such thing as a big bang.
Sachin Shrestha
Sachin Shrestha 3 days ago
I'm worried they will die doing experiments with antimatter
Sachin Shrestha
Sachin Shrestha 3 days ago
It's insane ... wh..wh..😱
Lavalambtron
Lavalambtron 3 days ago
4:05 If there was another world war difficult to end I bet scientists would reunite in another manhattan type project and this time come up with an anti-matter bomb.
rafael agagdan
rafael agagdan 3 days ago
human creating bomb to destroy earth, super genius kill us 😁😊
The Chad
The Chad 3 days ago
I had always thought that maybe it never existed naturally that math is what gave us the idea of antimatter and since we’ve never found it naturally it drove us to create it just to see if that math theory was right. I think just like the splitting of an atom this is only going to peak the interest of the military and it’s just another L for human kind
Osualdo Cedano
Osualdo Cedano 4 days ago
You water down literally water down how dangerous it is
Ankit Kumar
Ankit Kumar 4 days ago
7:20 face I make when someone doesn't get my joke.
Ankit Kumar
Ankit Kumar 4 days ago
7:18
Lukeed III Luca
Lukeed III Luca 4 days ago
Neutrinos ans Antineutrinos oscillate in different ways, so this imbalance, at a level of a few particles per 10 bilion photons was no perfect balanced
Horse Nuggets
Horse Nuggets 4 days ago
there's a fake elevator at CERN and we thought it was just reaaally smooth when me and my mates went there on a school trip a few months ago
Liton !
Liton ! 4 days ago
Her face , my face 🤯
Stanimir Borov3
Stanimir Borov3 4 days ago
30.06.2020 I BECOME 27 YEARS OLD!
Stanimir Borov3
Stanimir Borov3 4 days ago
(statistically). biologically 17. mentally 30+ in the positive progressive side. 2 tests in winter 2020 showed I have the metabolism of a 12-13 year old boy. I'm ultramarathonner the faste ru move the slower time goes 4 u, al though breaks are important too--so have an overall average moving high speed, not high for brief moments-but from time to time sprinting is healthy.
AlMuntasar AlMutairi
6:16
Raj Khiamal
Raj Khiamal 5 days ago
Dianna, if there was antimatter in the universe after the big bang would it not have been anhilated when it came into contact with matter? Wouldn't all the antimatter eventually disapear? You could have the same arguement if there was more antimatter than matter, but switch the names. And if it was exactly the same amount, why would any matter or antimatter exist right now?
dwarfsanta
dwarfsanta 5 days ago
1:11 New york city is the home of the main UN, the Swiss have the second biggest headquarters and it was built originally for the league of nations
Brainware
Brainware 5 days ago
Does antimatter have same gravitational properties?
Ralf Engelmann
Ralf Engelmann 5 days ago
Why there is hardly any antimatter? Because it doesn't matter.
Paul Wickett
Paul Wickett 5 days ago
youre getting ripped off a guy at the corner of the flats where i live sells these things for 50 dollar a gram
red horizon
red horizon 5 days ago
lol, antimatter got created?
311 dragon star
311 dragon star 5 days ago
Can talk about physics, but can't drive a car , put a sock , in it put a .... in it .
Father Crim
Father Crim 5 days ago
What if, the reason antimatter isn't as abundant as regular matter is because a vast majority has already collided with matter; and the resulting explosion created the stars and galaxies?
menma
menma 5 days ago
Huoin Kyoma's enemy CERN.
manonmars
manonmars 5 days ago
does americans even know where switzerland is? :D
Amer532
Amer532 6 days ago
:o
Chicken bone Master :3
“It requires the mass of all fishes to destroy the moon...” Fish eggs: do I count? I wanna destroy the moon you know
TYPEBEAT
TYPEBEAT 6 days ago
My dealer got a special on antimatter
CB Legacy
CB Legacy 6 days ago
Wow! Thank you for making this stuff accessible 👍
Viktor Åsbrink
Viktor Åsbrink 6 days ago
My bachelors thesis was a study on the discovery of the positron. I've seen that cloud chamber picture so many times!
Turtleskye The turtle
Dude this is a blant ripoff of vsause
Smr Smd
Smr Smd 6 days ago
Great grandad was a coffee drinking freemason buried a shitload of stuff that the by products of whats in these funny wirey hills will be anti matter. So im from winnipeg. You should look at the under carraige of winnipeg. Electrical submarines more then ten of em keeps the death rate harder then compton but we got this rubber spray anti rust in the making from massive pigfarm. Ribs an coffee are good and very cheap here maybe we can study matter over coffee an dinner. I got a magnetron for left overs in my older microwave.
Russ Carr
Russ Carr 6 days ago
kill us all. we never learn from the past. we gotta stop these smart fools.
Melissa Castillo
Melissa Castillo 4 days ago
There not that smart they are still looking
Si_Vis_Pacem Para_Bellum
Actually the first time I heard about antimatter was in a tv show, the good place lol
Marv3Lthe1
Marv3Lthe1 6 days ago
One day in future One old chemistry teacher and his junkie student will cook blue antimatter in the middle of the desert in a RV.
Wiebe Theuws
Wiebe Theuws 7 days ago
is there also anti oxygen?
Unknown User
Unknown User 7 days ago
I like the rabbit teeth
Qwoah
Qwoah 7 days ago
The one lady sounds like Hila from H3H3.
MrFrostpower
MrFrostpower 7 days ago
I actually didn't understand what the antimatter is from the vid. But the her manner is quite positive and engaging.
Flor - Mart
Flor - Mart 7 days ago
Wouldn't it make more sense to place the LHC on the equator insted of at the North Pole and orient it so the spin of the Earth and gravity helps accelerate? Speaking of which, how is gravity so strong it keeps us from flying off the earth as it spins, yet it doesn't crush grass or implode soft things like eggs, babies, and snowflakes' feelings?
Flor - Mart
Flor - Mart 7 days ago
And how can the "evidence" of antimatter be recorded? It would cease to exist as soon as it came into contact with its counterpart. Either it has all poofed out of existence at the time of the big bang, highly doubtful because you cant squeeze infinity out of a microscopic unit 2) there is a massive cluster somewhere butted up against our universe, or is kinda like another dimension that overlays our own. We're not creating them, it's impossible for them to exist in small clusters surrounded by matter.
Flor - Mart
Flor - Mart 7 days ago
2:37....they are typically at the corners of your ring. Circles don't have corners. I say take jam pack the collider to critical capacity and shut the kickers down when they reach speed, allow the particles to collide with the wall and observe the results
Raycrax !
Raycrax ! 7 days ago
Does it matter?
Andersfc1000
Andersfc1000 8 days ago
*Laughs in Zimbabwe currency*
Mervyn Jack
Mervyn Jack 8 days ago
Great production quality except the camera operator needs to stop using a shallow depth of field for shots that are showing the rooms full of equipment. Shallow DOF is annoying for those shots.
AnibalTV
AnibalTV 8 days ago
Did my thesis on this
Anthony Hutchins
Anthony Hutchins 8 days ago
Isn't 2700 trillion just 2.7 quadrillion? Lol
TomtheMagician21
TomtheMagician21 8 days ago
The sun could be made of antimatter because we’ve never touched it so how do u know 🤔
IExist
IExist Day ago
The matter that made the sun and all the planets orbiting it is from the same giant 'cloud' of small matter that came together due to gravity. That cloud would've exploded had some of it been anti-matter
Phoenix8395
Phoenix8395 4 days ago
the sun frequently bombards the earth with (matter-) particles, though. Therefore one can assume that the sun is made of matter as well.
Paul Slager
Paul Slager 8 days ago
I thought anti-matter was destroyed in annihilation by matter a second after the big bang.
Usman Suleman
Usman Suleman 8 days ago
God created the earth not the big bang theory
T. F. 32
T. F. 32 8 days ago
Physics girl pulls some really weird looking faces when she speaks to people sometimes. She’s definitely better in a picture than a video, just.
HEALTHY TRUTH
HEALTHY TRUTH 8 days ago
THERE IS NO SUCH THING AS THE BIG BANG !!!!!!!! IT IS ONLY A BIG FAKE THEORY !!!!! IT IS GOD .....WHO CREATED THE WHOLE UNIVERSES !!!!!!!!! MAN WILL MESS UP IT IF HE KNOWS THE TRUTH.....HOW UNIVERSE IS CREATED !!!!!!!. ASK YOURSELF THIS QUESTION......DO YOU THINK GOD WILL WANT MANKIND TO KNOW HOW UNIVERSE WAS FORMED ???? WHEN MAN THINK HE KNOWS EVERYTHING.....THAT HE IS BETTER THAN GOD !!!!!! PRIDE AND ARROGANNCE.........WAS THE DOWNFALL OF MANKIND !!!!!!!
Tian Vlašić
Tian Vlašić 8 days ago
I taught this was some kind of a drug lol
conf1rmed
conf1rmed 9 days ago
it should be 2.4 quadrillion dollars
Top10 أقوى ١٠
why? why? why? and the only answer we have is: we don’t know
Shawn Faulkner
Shawn Faulkner 9 days ago
The reason why you don't see an equal amount matter-antimatter is because God created the universe. And he doesn't create anti anyting. He only creates life and matter.😐
Jason Hayward
Jason Hayward 9 days ago
I only watch things like this so I can pretend to understand and be smart for a few minutes.
Ghola
Ghola 9 days ago
Fix your table please it moves around so much
Dan Kai
Dan Kai 9 days ago
SO MANY THINGS WRONG WITH THIS I COULD MENTION FOR 1 THIS SOUNDS LIKE A BUNCH OF BULLSHXT
S1n1st3r int3nt
S1n1st3r int3nt 9 days ago
duh so more noise, so much different interference no wonder they can't make it :(
Nina Dragonborn
Nina Dragonborn 9 days ago
why antimatter is so rare the answer is so simple it destroy any matter it gets in contact with probably except for dark matter of dark energy because we don't know much about them
Cody Svoboda
Cody Svoboda 10 days ago
4:50 riiiight...
John House
John House 10 days ago
Beauty and brains... damn...
Sam Geurdi
Sam Geurdi 10 days ago
It’s just matter.
Alex Johnson
Alex Johnson 10 days ago
She’s hot definitely donating
B. K.
B. K. 10 days ago
i bet $ that aliens use controlled matter + antimatter fusion to propel their crafts faster than light , getting about a half full bottle-cap per 134523562.86 light years ... side note ; does anyone else wana fix her wobbly lil round table ?
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