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Why This Stuff Costs $2700 Trillion Per Gram - Antimatter at CERN

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There’s a factory in Europe that makes antimatter! It’s the rarest, most expensive, and potentially the most dangerous material on earth. Scientists don’t know why this material is so rare. Anti-atoms took 72 years after we discovered antimatter to make. Why?
Thanks to CERN, Elise Wursten, Loïc Bommersbach and Sarah Charley
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Creator/Host: Dianna Cowern
Editor: Levi Butner
Research & Writing: Sophia Chen & Dianna & Imogen Ashford
Sources:
Current estimate of Antimatter, courtesy of Elise:
Stefan Ulmer made a back-of-the-envelope calculation based on energy and power consumption. The explanation goes as follows:
1. CERN produces 3e7 antiprotons per AD cycle or about 1e15 per year
2. This is about 1e15*1.67e-27kg = 1.67 nanogram per year
3. 1 gram of antiprotons has an energy (E=mc^2) of 9e13 Joule
4. The efficiency of the antiproton production process is 1e-9, so you need a billion times more energy: 9e22 Joule
5. The cost of power for CERN is 1kWh = 3.6e6 Joule = 0.1 euro
6. So that would make 0.1/3.6e6*9e22 = 2.5e15 euro
7. And it would take CERN 6e8 years
ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19990110316.pdf (1999)
nuclearsecrecy.com/nukemap/ - you can see the nuke city
Mass of Fish: "Contribution of Fish to the Marine Inorganic Carbon Cycle" rsmas.miami.edu/groups/grosell/PDFs/2009 Wilson et al.pdf
web.archive.org/web/20120105085146/public.web.cern.ch/public/en/spotlight/SpotlightAandD-en.html
Dirac’s attitude about the positive solution to his equation www.newscientist.com/article/dn17111-how-dirac-predicted-antimatter/
Dave’s Essay: multimidia.ufrgs.br/conteudo/frontdaciencia/dirac antimatter paper.pdf
Questions at CERN
public-archive.web.cern.ch/en/LHC/WhyLHC-en.html
Creating Antihidrogen:
home.cern/science/physics/antimatter/storing-antihydrogen
public-archive.web.cern.ch/en/LHC/WhyLHC-en.html

Science & Technology

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Nov 14, 2019

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Comments 6 902
Haim Ben Avraham
Haim Ben Avraham 2 hours ago
Why on Earth would they want to fool around with that ' stuff'?
Jerry Gundecker
Jerry Gundecker 5 hours ago
The most dangerous stuff on Earth is Republican politics. And it breaks the economy every time it takes effect, and jobs come only from McDonald's and Amazon warehouses. Poof! It's more expensive. Antimatter comes in second.
Bakdi Abderrahmane
Bakdi Abderrahmane 6 hours ago
what you people are made out of matter
THGraham
THGraham 9 hours ago
Hmm what if each sun we see was an anti matter explosion? Which is why we don’t see any anti matter, it already had its reaction with matter, we just see the result.
IMK
IMK 13 hours ago
I can pay any amount to buy this antimatter ... coz i have billions and trillions and quadrillions of Antidollar.... 😉
Tina Corbett
Tina Corbett 14 hours ago
Tell a 10 year old they can't do it. They'll do it.
dave mau
dave mau 15 hours ago
It's not dangerous but 1 spoon of it can compare to 10 nuke what a nice explanation
J W Harvey
J W Harvey 15 hours ago
In Dan Brown's book Angels and Demons, published May 2000 this whole subject was explained very well for the lay person. This means you are almost twenty years late with this information.
DysfunctionalDean
DysfunctionalDean 18 hours ago
I watched this and it was on 2,222.222 views... hello angel numbers 👋 If you know, you know. 🙂
Fabricio Sasaki
Fabricio Sasaki 18 hours ago
Anti-protons cost $3 quadrillion and don't even have an Apple logo stamped on it.
John Kean
John Kean 20 hours ago
Can someone tell me why quarks are so quirky, leptons are so lousy and bosons are such bozos. Is it _because they don't exist_ only in Planck's ( _et al_ ) imagination 🤔 that's why bosons are so elusive because they're not real.
John Kean
John Kean 20 hours ago
Why is there never anyone around at CERN where are all the Scientists - they're supposed to be there searching for Higgs's Boson. They'll never find it in a million years especially if they don't turn up at the office: its like somebody opened the box and Schroedinger's cat wasn't inside to begin with 🤔 or when you search for them they all turn into waves and only return as particles if you stop looking for them 🤔
John Kean
John Kean 20 hours ago
Modern Science is like a Cream Puff: just as soon as you try to eat it it crumbles away into insignificance.
John Kean
John Kean 20 hours ago
Modern science is like a diet: you can see the Cake but you can't eat it.
John Kean
John Kean 21 hour ago
How come modern Scientists can convince Nobel Laureate Institute but not the general public 🤔
John Kean
John Kean 21 hour ago
Antimatter is like sleeping - its a dream ie Virtual. Like modern science: which is Philosophy.
Urahara451
Urahara451 21 hour ago
Dianna is smart, funny, nerdy and gorgeous. Anyone know where I could find a girl like her lol?
John Kean
John Kean 21 hour ago
Why is modern science full of stuff you can"t see or CGI
Ger
Ger 22 hours ago
In the future China will mass produce anti matter, and them accidentally anihilate everything within a radius of a few hundred lightyears.
steve Taylor
steve Taylor Day ago
It sounds like the age old question, are there unicorns? and find out how many dwarfs can ride on the back of the unicorn, have a great day
Fahd Abdul Rahman
CERN discovers antimatter CERN stocks and stock holders 😏
iChanne
iChanne Day ago
they a holding aliens in those boxes...
Hannah Boswell
Off topic but I have a suspicion from the way she moves that this scientist in the zebra shirt might have EDS, she reminds me of myself and she is wearing the zebra stripes our mascot!
sheffooo Productions
maybe we cant find antimatter cause is fillet with matter , who knows.universe has many surprises.
A Rasvan
A Rasvan Day ago
but we would measure antimatter weight in anti-grams therefore, one GRAM of antimatter would cost -$2700 trillion
Big_Mike NYC
Big_Mike NYC Day ago
So, if anti matter could be produced affordable, what would society do with it? Nuclear energy, weapons?
Craig Corson
Craig Corson Day ago
From the description: "CERN produces 3e7 antiprotons per AD cycle or about 1e15 per year". Isn't 1e15 equal to...one? Or do I not know what I'm talking about?
Craig Corson
Craig Corson Day ago
@MikeRosoftJH I give up.
MikeRosoftJH
MikeRosoftJH Day ago
@Craig Corson I have written "1*10^15" for clarity because you have been confused about what the "e" means. And you are still confused. Once again: 1e15 is 10^15. It's not 1, and it's not 10^16. 10e15 is 10*10^15, or 10^16 (which can also be written using the "e" notation as 1e16).
Craig Corson
Craig Corson Day ago
@MikeRosoftJH And you still have not answered my very simple question. You wrote "I have written it as 1*10^15". Of what use is the 1 in that expression? Here's a new one: if, as you claim, the e denotes 10^, then why did Elise write 1e15 when she could have, should have simply written 10^16, or 10e15?
MikeRosoftJH
MikeRosoftJH Day ago
@Craig Corson So you *don't* know what the "e" represents. 1e15 is not 1, it's 10^15 (in order to make it clear what the number before the "e" represents, I have written it as 1*10^15 - just like 2e15 is 2*10^15). 10e15 is not 10^15; it's 10*10^15=10^16. The "e" does not represent the exponentiation operator (which is usually written as "^" when superscript is not available); it represents "*10^".
Craig Corson
Craig Corson Day ago
@MikeRosoftJH Don't condescend. I know what the e represents. You haven't answered my question. Why did you write 1*10^15, when 10^15 is sufficient, or 10e15? As I said in my original comment, 1e15 = 1. Dianna has made an error, or rather, Elise has, whoever that is.
Robert Billing
Great explanation, thanks. BTW when I was an undergraduate in Cambridge I used to walk past Dirac's rooms on the way to supervision every week. (New court St John's A staircase. )
Clyde Cessna
Clyde Cessna Day ago
Geneva WAS the home of the League of Nations (The US refused to join) and IS home to certain organs of the UN like UNESCO.
extremelydangerous
Anti made EASY!!! (1) get some UNUNPENTIUM at least 5% pure (needs some ultracentrifuge...) (2) put in a vacuum chamber inside a magnetic bottle the same you make with that anti hidrogen (3) fire a low speed proton bean over the ununpentium (4) the ununpentium nucleous breaks and result in one or more anti-protons per break (5) the anti-protons are stripped off the ununpentium with the magnetic + electric field and target into a thermocouple array (6) one side of the thermocouple is cold, other is heated by anti-protons... so a DC current is generated... (7) DONE... now go to sell to Greta Thumberg you will get billions in finance to solve the "how dare" problem with polution and energy generation SEE??? easy!!
vclamp
vclamp Day ago
Well, it is not material, it is anti-material. Customs tried to bust me for smuggling 0.003 grams of anti-matter. I told them it was twice as much and that they should raise the fine to pad their paychecks. So they poured it onto the scale, and poof! they evidence disappeared and the charges were dropped. Because you know, SCIENCE! 😁
Arlo De Parlo
Elisa is sooo cute 😍
Dexxed
Dexxed Day ago
Me: Goes in dark places Mom: Don't go there Me: or? Mom: OR POOF!
goatman86
goatman86 Day ago
Legos Dianna? Legos!?
Freimon Borja
Is that the place where the Terminator's enemy got magnetized in??
Earl
Earl Day ago
Diana?.. I thought she looked more of like a Brittney
Jack Burnett
Jack Burnett Day ago
Some crazy guy would do the world a favor by setting a bomb off in CERN and desyroying it.
Kelly Parish
Kelly Parish Day ago
Need a physics girl t-shirt with “Or POOF!” 🥰
Tom Thumb
Tom Thumb Day ago
Diana, I would like to ask if it may be possible that the big bang was caused by a collision with matter and antimatter with only the matter blown away fast enough not to come in contact with any antimatter so becoming the only things left we can see? And if so, could whats left of the antimatter be stuck in a huge blob where the contact happened, but we can't see it anymore because its antimatter or its so far away we would never be able to see it now?
Mitchell Marcus
It's all fun and games till someone loses an eye lol
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