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Toyota's Developing A Hydrogen Combustion Engine!

Engineering Explained
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Could Toyota's hydrogen engine save combustion by converting engines?
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Toyota has developed a hydrogen combustion engine with nearly negligible harmful emissions. The project involved a Toyota Corolla Sport which participated in a 24 hour endurance race, using a 1.6L turbo inline three-cylinder out of the GR Yaris. The idea was to convert a gasoline engine to a hydrogen engine, as an alternative to creating new electric cars. With hydrogen combustion, oxygen and hydrogen are burned, providing useful work, with water as the only main emissions.

Naoaki Ito, one of the lead engineers on the project, puts it well: “For this hydrogen-powered engine, the engine itself remains the same as before. Our concept for this project was to create a hydrogen engine by using as much of the existing internal combustion technology as possible. We thought that achieving this would enable the conversion of existing car engines to hydrogen, providing a powerful weapon in the quest for carbon neutrality.”

Related Videos:
Hydrogen Engines = Bad Idea - ruvid.net/video/video-1Ajq46qHp0c.html
Gas vs Hydrogen Engines - ruvid.net/video/video-l6ECwRnJ0Sg.html
Hydrogen Rotary Engine - ruvid.net/video/video-U-n5L0cXcpg.html

References:
Toyota Hydrogen Press Release - global.toyota/en/newsroom/cor...
Toyota Hydrogen Conversion - toyotatimes.jp/en/insidetoyot...
Toyota 24 Hour Race Results - toyotatimes.jp/en/insidetoyot...
Hydrogen Combustion Methods - www.mdpi.com/2076-3417/9/22/4842
Hydrogen Carbon Emissions - www.avl.com/documents/4053291...
Gas Carbon Emissions - climatekids.nasa.gov/review/c...
JRC Well-To-Wheels Report - publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu...
Hydrogen Production Costs - doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2016.0...
Mirai Fuel Tank Weight - insideevs.com/news/323973/toy...

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Jun 16, 2021

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Comments 0
Boris
Boris Minute ago
It will never happen
Skeng in my blazer
We need some clean Internal combustion engines I can’t cope with these silent electric cars man
Tyler Durden
Tyler Durden 3 hours ago
Shut up and take my money!
Vishnu Badiger
Vishnu Badiger 9 hours ago
As long as my engine make some beautiful noise I dont care what it runs on
JP
JP 11 hours ago
At Toyota "Guys, I think it's time to admit that internal combustion engines are not the way of the future" Other executives "We would rather die honorably. Throw everything we have into developing an internal combustion engine that is classified as carbon neutral."
dnbrown4513
dnbrown4513 12 hours ago
I heard on another channel that a former NASA scientist has a plan to use ammonia as a liquid fuel for a hydrogen combustion engine. The system some how separates the hydrogen atoms from liquid ammonia and exhausts the extra nitrogen. That system would eliminate the need for high pressure tanks for hydrogen and speed refueling. Could you please research this and do a video on why or why not this could work? Thank you. Great channel BTW.
Ernest Z
Ernest Z 14 hours ago
IF Toyota believes so completely in hydrogen, they need to do what Tesla did - front build the infrastructure to support the vehicles, THEN sell the vehicles. It’s a matter of put up or shut up. So far, I’d say Toyota needs to shut up.
Peter Loftus
Peter Loftus 16 hours ago
Excellent video. Thank you. H2 is a great idea but bulky & dangerous!
Arqui-GT
Arqui-GT 18 hours ago
Synthetic Gasoline carbon neutral, has more future. But Nice to see that global companies are finding new ways to get the same objective. Sounds better, literaly.
Peter Williams
Peter Williams 18 hours ago
J.c.b already got one running already.
Steven Mitchell
Steven Mitchell 20 hours ago
Hydrogen fuel is RIDICULOUS! It takes more electricity to produce the hydrogen than an electric car would use to drive the SAME distance! Electric vehicles CAN BE charged ANYWHERE electricity is available. Hydrogen requires SPECIAL filling stations of which there are virtually NONE and are EXTREMELY expensive to build due to the nature of hydrogen!
Monty
Monty 22 hours ago
Didn't bmw build hydrogen combustion engines back in day?
TauranusRex
TauranusRex Day ago
I think you forgot: N2 is there from ambient + combustion temeprature + O2 --> NO+NO2 ... which is NOx
Gordon
Gordon Day ago
My Ford instructor drove a hydrogen powered ranger 2.3l supercharged 15 years ago. The only problem was it is literally rocket fuel. He refueled it standing behind a concrete blast wall.
tony xxx
tony xxx Day ago
This has been around forever
Mr G
Mr G Day ago
JCB UK 🇬🇧 DIGGER MAKER HAVE DEVELOPED A HYDROGEN ENGINE FOR THEIR DIGGERS 👍🏼
Casey Smith
Casey Smith Day ago
Hydrogen is highly volitile. It sounds like a freeway full of high explosive on wheels. If you crash, you'll turn to ash.
Slade Helicopters & Gaming
This tech is amazing !! But can we collect the water instead of venting it out ! We get enough rain in the U.K.
Arnab Chatterjee
I hear hydrogen production requires a lot of electrhcity, so their goes your carbon footprint!
Elrsh Luersh
Elrsh Luersh 10 hours ago
Thats today's problem. That's why there's something called time, and when time passes, technology evolves. This might be car enthusiast's last hope, electrolysis will get better, I assure you.
J S
J S Day ago
JCB has a good looking hydrogen engine in development for their agricultural / industrial machinery.
Ken Carr Carr
Ken Carr Carr 2 days ago
Two pints of oil every 3,000 miles really?I have two motorcycles and two cars and they haven't used that much oil between them in twice that distance each,take your engine back to the dealership and demand a new one.
SHΔRΩΠ
SHΔRΩΠ 2 days ago
JCB have already done this with their plant machinery, they have working 360’s through the range and shovel loaders all using JCB’s own engine.
Richard Carter
Richard Carter 2 days ago
Hydrogen ICE is the way to go. JCB have one up and running in their large diggers.
melonbobful
melonbobful 2 days ago
Will the exhaust sound like the pop of hydrogen burning in a test tube.
dadigitechman
dadigitechman 2 days ago
How about no air intake. Just inject hydrogen and oxygen.
Nicholas R.
Nicholas R. 2 days ago
As an an owner of a B16B EG I felt that oil burn comment right in the gut. And after hearing about the "Problems" I'm so very confused as to why Toyota wasted money on this project.
Guy Clements
Guy Clements 2 days ago
They have been developing it for years they just don't get it
Ben Tullett
Ben Tullett 2 days ago
British construction and farm machinery manufacturer JCB have also produced a range of machinery utilising hydrogen combustion engines that have been designed to run from day one on hydrogen. Cummins are also starting to develop their own hydrogen fuelled internal combustion engines as well.
bavondale
bavondale 2 days ago
How about the use in large machines, farm equipment, and such. Weight and storage get solved
Mandolinic
Mandolinic 3 days ago
Ok, what about other engines? Gas turbine, steam turbine, Sterling? During WW2 rotary piston engines for aircraft were engineered to the ultimate level of power and complexity, only to be made obsolete at a stroke by the turbine jet engine.
Rob P
Rob P 3 days ago
We really do need another planet to be our experimental site, and dumping ground.
Ashton Does Things
Wonderful how much I can learn when I care
John Cullen
John Cullen 3 days ago
Oh please. Energy output on the industrial level to produce hydrogen is way higher than the crank output. It's called the law of thermodynamics. Carbon footprint be damned, it's provable. Real solutions involve the abandoned technologies. Chemical reactions for the mechanical. (NO alcohol. I'd rather EAT corn.) Reclamation reactions for the electrical. Diversify. It isn't hard. All CO2 neutral btw.
markmezo
markmezo 3 days ago
Meanwhile JCB has already made one & fitted it to their excavators.
Ithad Beenso
Ithad Beenso 3 days ago
GASEOUS ?... room temperature, sea level pressure hydrogen or... liquid compressed -450 hydrogen? There's a reason that's the first question a lot of people have rather than chalk boards full of equations but.. Nevermind Rosanna Rosanna Danna.
John Fahlsing
John Fahlsing 4 days ago
This, as you will see is a Very Bad Idea!
Reece rode it.
Reece rode it. 4 days ago
Just watched a fluff piece for JCB equipment talking about their I.C. hydrogen fuelled engine. Lord Bamford was very effusive about his engine for heavy equipment and how it does not inflate the cost and weight of the machine batteries and fuel cells do. I recall some years ago it described that long haul transport would have to have a fuel tank the size of the trailer to achieve the same type of range they do with diesel. I'm some what puzzled by the conflicting messages.
W Y
W Y 4 days ago
In summary, useless tech! LOL
vertik7
vertik7 4 days ago
It's much easier to make a car that using compressed natural gas.
Will McAlpine
Will McAlpine 4 days ago
Electric motors are the future. Smaller, more efficient and simpler. Batteries will always improve no matter what as we use them EVERYWHERE.
Solving Tornadoes
So, I think what your saying is that the only thing stopping this from becoming a reality is . . . . uh, er . . . uh, the laws of physics.
Hollister Kopp
Hollister Kopp 4 days ago
A 10,000 psi fuel tank in my car would make me nervous.
Dean Duggan
Dean Duggan 4 days ago
Great you explode when you get into a accident great news water tanks great lol
Jorge Mario Rubiano
Hi, If we could find the way to separate water molecules (H2 and O2) could we fuel the car with "tap water"?... after separation we could use the Hydrogen AND the Oxygen both to combust the engine (mix free from N2), this way we get water/steam at the end of the pipe (No NOx). I've always been fascinated by this option, as electric tech seems (to me) to be not green (emissions in long run are unmanageable, and electricity production will demand and dispose a lot of natural resources and toxic components) not to mention and most important electric circuits blast our bodies with Electro magnetic energy all the time like cell phones do (I heard electric fields are no good for our body, and nobody seems to deny or care / tesla & co.).
terry Sullivan
terry Sullivan 5 days ago
Didn't mention the extreme hazard of a 10,000 PSI Hydrogen fuel tank. That's one hell of an explosive bomb.
Neil Martins
Neil Martins 5 days ago
Hidrogen 7 by By BMW .
Wooly Chewbakker
Wooly Chewbakker 5 days ago
Formula 1 might go this way. HYBRID with Hydrogen Powered Combustion Engines. WIN, WIN, WIN.
Tom Mckinney
Tom Mckinney 5 days ago
BMW had a fleet of leased 7 series cars that burned hydrogen. This was probably in the early 2000's in CA. So is Toyota's "development" something different?
Mad Scientific
Mad Scientific 5 days ago
Not news! Toyota has *been* developing a hydrogen engine...
Siegetower
Siegetower 6 days ago
I've said for some time now: I want a V8 hydrogen sports sedan.
Michael Belivanis
Instead of burning the hydrogen split the hydrogen
John Sineni
John Sineni 6 days ago
The side effect will be 100% humidity everywhere.
B R
B R 15 hours ago
California could use that LOL
thanksfernuthin
thanksfernuthin 6 days ago
What about a nuclear power plant? How much hydrogen could one modern power plant make a year if that's all it did?
J Zam
J Zam 7 days ago
So are we going to lose water as a result?
Didar Kussain
Didar Kussain 7 days ago
👍
James LaFayette
James LaFayette 7 days ago
It makes sense if you convert the power grid to nuclear power.
Marco Dev
Marco Dev 7 days ago
I thought it's a machine that converts hidrogen into helium
Don Tree
Don Tree 7 days ago
Hydrogen is explosive from 4% to 75% mixture in air. How are consumer cars going to mitigate this?
jonathan mcdaniel
One other aspect of H2 fuel storage is loss over time through leakage.
Squeeeez
Squeeeez 3 days ago
Spontaneous exothermal leakage
jonathan mcdaniel
CO2 is only a significant factor if you believe in Anthropomorphic Global Warming.
jonathan mcdaniel
@BIGMUSCLE I don't believe in AGW, I believe in Climate Change.
BIGMUSCLE
BIGMUSCLE 7 days ago
Unfortunately, these things exist whether or not you "believe" in them.
Whosback1
Whosback1 7 days ago
You know you're stuff. But breath a bit more you will live longer.
מדינט
מדינט 7 days ago
Checkout Harry's garage channel about JCB hydrogen engine, it's very interesting and they say the solved the NOx issue. By the way, the hydrogen tanks in the new Mirai are just 95 kg (all 3 of them)
سعد المنقشط
thank u , this was so informative.
datsuntoyy
datsuntoyy 8 days ago
They need a methane engine and a fuel pickup in the driver's seat. That way you can eat Taco Bell and drive cross country.
Jakob Harris
Jakob Harris 8 days ago
Is there a real reason why propane vehicles aren't popular? Or is it just because people don't want to try?
BigOunce
BigOunce 8 days ago
If the same amount of money was invested into this technology as electric, I'm sure it would be a much better solution considering how wasteful EV's are after they exceed their lifespan.
jonathan mcdaniel
Although I view H2 fueled vehicles with a healthy level of skepticism, I agree that battery based EVs are a dubious approach to consumer automotives. H2 fueled vehicles have a higher likelihood, with some modifications, of replicating the processes and systems that support hydrcarbon based transportation. This makes it a viable alternative, although I believe a fuel cell based vehicle may show more promise. Aside from some specialized applications EVs lack viability. EVs on the road now wouldn't be there without government subsidization. And scaling up EV capability (mostly battery capacity) to that of ICE, expanding it beyond a niche market, and developing a dependable recharging network will prove to be an unreachable goal. The materials for constructing the EVs is probably the first limiting factor.
Wissenkraft Gaming
I think it's pretty good for 12 hours of driving, the winner Toyota LMP1 did 1.613 times the distance the Yaris prototype did for the same hours of driving.
Dele O. B.
Dele O. B. 8 days ago
Hydrogen is simply too difficult to handle and far more expensive to produce (greenly speaking).
Sibir Lupus
Sibir Lupus 8 days ago
Great info! :) BMW had hydrogen combustion engines a few years ago, and if I'm not mistaken they scrapped them pretty soon after. Hydrogen Fuel Cell technology just makes far more sense in the end.
Da DIY's Best
Da DIY's Best 9 days ago
Hydrogen...from water... Yes ... Its the future
David Cawkwell
David Cawkwell 9 days ago
I believe the Mazda wankel engine is a better choice for hydrogen conversion having separate locations of intake, compression and ignition.
Dragos Pahontu
Dragos Pahontu 9 days ago
Nahhh. LPG for life.
Walter Petrick
Walter Petrick 9 days ago
nothing new, BMW had the motors ready years ago, but hydrogen storage is an issue...
Dragos Pahontu
Dragos Pahontu 9 days ago
Exactly. The problem is refueling.
Sunshine
Sunshine 9 days ago
In North Korea, Kim Jong Un already invented the hydrogen combustion engine. 😂
John Sherman
John Sherman 9 days ago
Don't ignore the cost of making hydrogen
iCantMakeUpAnyGoodNameInThisaccount Bleach
hydrogen engines are the future engines of car enthusiasts. Not electric. But hydrogen.
TweakRacer
TweakRacer 9 days ago
After people got wise to the big oil and the auto manufacturers’ hydrogen fuel cell red herring… now this nonsense. No effing thanks. Wastes way more electricity for electrolysis to get the hydrogen fuel. Just put less electricity into a battery with a current electric motor/controller to get the same miles driven.
Robert James
Robert James 9 days ago
I am confused about the Natural Gas comment, Natural Gas is the most renewable fuel source we have, it has a very short production time and can be harvested from waste product. As for turning it into Hydrogen to burn in an Engine, that has limited appeal. Most Vehicles will be BEV soon enough, the few who remain behind can continue to enjoy their history with little Global Effect.
coolerw
coolerw 10 days ago
Recovering dead body? More running parts, more costly to produce than EV. Are they nuts at Toyota? Since I have EV I'm surprised who wants to drive old tech since new is much better.
Eric Burns
Eric Burns 10 days ago
Hydrogen seems more promising than electric to me. However, everyone pushing electric cars without a plan for meeting the demand. Without a clear plan it will cripple power plants, increase prices on energy, and create lines at charging stations just the gas shortages in the 1970s under the Carter Administration. Electric cars do not have the range no ease of refueling as internal combustion does. So you're in effect limiting a person's freedom to travel. Until a realistic plan on implementation with a real infrastructure plan is presented that is attainable I will stick with my gasoline solution.
Alex Holland
Alex Holland 10 days ago
Doesn't Mazda have an HCCI compromise called SPCCI?
Lee Kuchczynski
Lee Kuchczynski 10 days ago
Check jcb out
Cyril Hobbs
Cyril Hobbs 10 days ago
See “Harry’s Garage” interview with JCB & development of hydrogen engines 👍🏻
Richard Hasler
Richard Hasler 4 hours ago
Yes, great. I can always commute in a 25 ton excavator. Not sure how long it would take but what an entrance and you can make your own parking space.
Scott M
Scott M 10 days ago
The problems with hydrogen are due to the laws of physics, not the oil companies, and not republicans in congress either. H2 is a cryogenic gas, meaning it doesn't liquify at normal temperatures and pressures. So storing a useful amount requires compressing it to very high pressure, up to 10,000 psi. Compressing a gas itself is inefficient, as up to 75% of the input power to the compressor is converted to heat. That is why your 4hp air compressor's output can barely power an air tool the size of an electric toothbrush, and why it's output pipe gets so hot it will burn your skin right off. But there's more. A fuel cell that recombines H2 with pure oxygen is very efficient, just like electrolysis in reverse. But fuel cells in cars recombine the H2 with AIR, not pure O2. So car fuels cells are only about 40% efficient at recovering the energy in the H2. And an internal combustion engine is even less efficient, converting maybe 30% of the fuel energy into mechanical power. Ultimately just using the same electricity to charge car batteries instead of converting it to hydrogen, will result in the battery powered car going about 4 TIMES further per kilowatt-hr of input power. It does make sense to try to repower the millions of existing IC engine cars with hydrogen. But a far better idea is to use Ammonia. Ammonia is mostly hydrogen. It is far more energy dense than compressed H2 gas, it liquifies at only a couple hundred psi, and burns readily in an ic engine. It's downside is only... the lethal toxicity. Hmmm, I guess we just can't win.
air7tv
air7tv 10 days ago
Would be good if you could interview JCB
the1beard
the1beard 10 days ago
Hydrogen Combustion is perfect for construction machinery as fuel cells and batteries are unworkable
Robert Thayer
Robert Thayer 10 days ago
I hope Toyota comes out with one of these decent before I croak. Because I ain't going Evie never. Cuz Murica! LOL My old Corolla got 260 thousand miles on it running good. Maybe uses a little more than a quart in 3000 MI. But it still gets an oil change every 6. And the oil really looks fine. Some new cars use more oil than my old beater Toyota. That I drive the wheels off of everyday.
Angel Cortes
Angel Cortes 10 days ago
Good thing Toyota is working with hydrogen. The technology seems prognostically positive from my perspective. The fuel cell is the better choice for range in my opinion because the energy density comes from a water tank.
a fish
a fish 11 days ago
Toyotas hydrogen bid will also help hydrogen electric cars happen
jasondt02
jasondt02 11 days ago
I guess Toyota really does want to be driven into bankruptcy.
pyrusbuffalant
pyrusbuffalant 11 days ago
Ya see the reason is so hard to beat Gas or diesel in a combustion format is that they're already very good at it. Relatively speaking they're pretty efficient and environmentally friendly anymore. Personal vehicles (those being cars and trucks/gas or diesel) making up the smallest amount of global greenhouse gasses produced and all. An Electric motor is arguably better if you ignore all the problems that come along the way. If you're gonna use Batteries you'll most certainly end up causing more environmental damage then if you hadn't. Using lithium batteries is problematic for many reasons for example production and total life span. A modern battery in a tesla for example wont last more then 10 years without significant problems. Which wont be a problem assuming you've got money. However I did hear they were planning on welding the batteries to the chassis rendering them permanent. We've gotten a good example of the current state of hydrogen fuel cells and engines. Looking forward to seeing what happens with them but obviously rn they're not a remote consideration. I do find it odd that they're bringing out electric cars and proceeding to force everyone to buy them. With laws, bans on gasoline and diesel vehicles and other such things making them less viable by the day. With no real evidence to support the changes. Seems like a pretty SOLID business model. Almost too SOLID
João Figueiredo
João Figueiredo 11 days ago
"Both sides of the" Fenske
Michael Geiser
Michael Geiser 11 days ago
What about hydrogen internal combustion replacing diesel as developed in England by JCB?
Pfa Universal
Pfa Universal 10 days ago
It won't get anywhere
Mohit Joshi
Mohit Joshi 11 days ago
Keep continue white board lecture like this
Mohit Joshi
Mohit Joshi 11 days ago
Sir make more vedios like this.....on geometry of cars and bikes
Chewy MT07
Chewy MT07 11 days ago
1 quart of oil every 3,000 miles in a modern engine seems way way off, this is almost 1 litre of oil every 3,000 miles. For context my bmw 530D uses under 1 litre every 17,000 - 18,000 miles, as it gets to the end of its life it starts to burn off. One litre is about the difference between the high and low marks on a dips stick. JCB are investing in hydrogen engine tech, I suspect the tech is far better than portrayed in this video.
Zach Litton
Zach Litton 11 days ago
By the time this comes into production there will be EVs that run 500-600 miles per charge.
Siegetower
Siegetower 3 days ago
@Zach Litton Polluting industries are not evidence of 1st world economies in the 21st century. Even in the 20th century. Go look up Dzerzhinsk which was a major chemical factory city of the Soviet Union (2nd World)
Zach Litton
Zach Litton 3 days ago
@Siegetower go look at a pollution map and tell me where most the pollution is coming from... stop being a wanker.
Siegetower
Siegetower 5 days ago
@Zach Litton Is the developed world most of the planet?
Zach Litton
Zach Litton 5 days ago
@Siegetower What developed nation that has a major car market doesn't have reliable electricity?
Siegetower
Siegetower 6 days ago
And most of the planet doesn't have reliable electricity.
Dave Wallace
Dave Wallace 12 days ago
complete and utter crap , when Aston martin ran 24 hrs of Nurnberg , they only lost 10% power running on pure hydrogen , so this whole video is just a pander to the electric car myth ..all IC engines can be relatively easily converted to hydrogen , if you dismiss all the rubbish so called science put forward by the electric car lobby
Jeff Seften
Jeff Seften 12 days ago
The generator, that puts out the blue, and the green energy , in the duality then combines the two in the offset , can be used to make instant hydrogen for water powered mini turbine engines that in turn drives that generator to power the vehicle
Jon Welderbeast.
Jon Welderbeast. 12 days ago
Carry on with Diesel, "if it ain't broke, don't try to fix it" our Peugeot does 80 MPG!!!
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