He commanded an army of militias across the Middle East.
Correction: In a previous version of this video, we mistakenly labelled Iran's Ayatollah Ali Khamenei as Ayatollah Khomeini. We regret the error.
Before Qassem Soleimani was killed in a US air strike in Iraq, he was arguably Iran's second most important leader. He commanded the soldiers and spies of Iran's elite Quds Force, a group whose job was to forge partnerships with militias across the Middle East, through which Soleimani spread Iran's influence and his own. From Hezbollah in Lebanon to the many Shia militias in Iraq, these groups played a central role in the medley of wars that have roiled the Middle East for the last few decades. Soleimani didn't invent Iran's use of proxy militias; that dates back to at least 1979, when Iran's new regime looked around the region and found many enemies and few friends. But 40 years later, thanks in part to Soleimani's work, Iran has the advantage in the Middle East.
Jen Kirby, Vox: www.vox.com/world/2020/1/7/21054073/soleimani-iran-response-trump-q-a
Dexter Filkins, the New Yorker: www.newyorker.com/magazine/2013/09/30/the-shadow-commander
Crisis Group: www.crisisgroup.org/trigger-list/iran-us-trigger-list
The Soufan Center: thesoufancenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Iran%E2%80%99s-Playbook-Deconstructing-Tehran%E2%80%99s-Regional-Strategy-by-The-Soufan-Center.pdf
Phillip Smyth, The Middle East Institute: www.mei.edu/sites/default/files/publications/Vatanka_PolicyPaper.pdf
Kenneth Pollack, American Enterprise Institute:
Vox Atlas demonstrates where conflicts occur on a map and the ways in which foreign policy shapes a region. Watch all the episodes here: bit.ly/2SThVsf
Become a Video Lab member! bit.ly/video-lab
Vox.com is a news website that helps you cut through the noise and understand what's really driving the events in the headlines. Check out www.vox.com.
Watch our full video catalog: goo.gl/IZONyE
Follow Vox on Facebook: goo.gl/U2g06o
Or Twitter: goo.gl/XFrZ5H